We are not qualified to give in-depth legal advice, but simply hope to point you in the right direction. Hopefully in easy to understand language rather than legal jargon.
The UK legal system is basically a two part system with many divisions within those systems. Broadly, UK legal cases can either be of a Criminal or Civil nature. Nowadays other legal systems have to be taken into consideration. That of the European Legal System, and the law relating to human Rights!
Civil Law actions will include the wide range of Matrimonial actions, Debt Recovery, Property Boundaries and infringement etc. Civil cases are generally started by a person filing a claim. That person is known as the Claimant, and the person or company filed against, is known as the defendant. The claimant has to prove in whatever court, that what they are claiming is right and just. The defendant than has to cough up - as laid down by the court. Civil law cases do not normally end in jail sentences - simply some form of retribution. The county Court is the place for most civil law cases.
Criminal Law actions are normally handled by the police - though a person can 'report' a 'crime' to the police. That person then has no more to do with it other than at the behest of the police, or the criminal court system. Criminal cases of a relatively minor nature are dealt with at a local magistrates court.
The police carry out the investigations, charge the suspect party, then hand the case over to the CPS - Crown Prosecution Service. Criminal cases arrive at court after consideration by the Crown Prosecution Service. It is they, who decide whether the crown should proceed against the person or company thought to have committed a crime. Sometimes they will consider that there is not enough evidence, or a likelihood that the case will fail, and not proceed!
There is also the Tribunal Service - administered directly by the government, and its first level of administrations include aspects such as......The General Regulatory Chamber; The Health, Education and Social Care Chamber; The Immigration and Asylum Chamber; The Social Entitlement Chamber; The Tax Chamber; The War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation Chamber.
If that sounds complex enough, then be aware that there are a multitude of other chambers dealing with such matters as the Employment Tribunal. Don't give up - we are here to help and explain..
No legal convention has been derided as much as the Human Rights Legislation coming out of the EU via Strasbourg. It is binding law in the UK, though many wish it were not. The European Convention on Human Rights is now firmly embedded - entrenched - into UK Law. Successive UK governments have vilified it, or at least wished it was not so. However, the UK was instrumental in setting this up, and was involved at all stages of law making in the formative years.
The legal profession has changed dramatically over the last few years, as we see solicitors now losing out on their lucrative mortgaging arrangements. Some have turned their hand - quite blatantly - to chasing compensation claims for which they are now able to advertise. Good or bad, that is not for us to pass judgement.
It is important to be aware of just how much any legal dealing you enter into will cost you. Solicitor bills can be surprisingly high. If anything goes wrong, you have little recourse, although they have their own policing facility.
The legal profession is basically structured around legitimate solicitors and barristers. There are many other 'legal' companies on the fringes of the legal profession proper. We will advise you on who can do what in the legal field.
In many instances, more important than the professionals, the Jury rules supreme. Juries can both please and annoy both professionals and hose who are directly affected by the decision of the Jury. The UK Jury System should never be underestimated.
The Jury Systems inherent strength, is the act that it is seen as the duty of all UK citizens to be available to serve on Juries, as and when required. There are exceptions as to who can serve - and who cannot. It is a system that is open to abuse, but generally, if you are called for Jury Service, you do it. Above all, as a good UK citizen, you should do if so commanded.