What is obesity? The simplest definition of obesity is a condition or state of the human body that relates to excess weight or being too fat!
Anyone classed as obese is more than overweight. In fact, most people are in the overweight category throughout the whole world. Yet, it does not lessen the severity of the major avoidable health problem of carrying too much weight (body fat).
Facts, figures, and research are revealing. They show there are now more obese than non-obese people in the developed world.
In rare cases, a physical body malfunction or malaise can cause obesity. But most of all, it is people’s negligence and disregard of matters relating to preventable diseases that causes it.
Thus, there is more than one problem with obesity. There are a myriad of preventable health conditions associated with the accumulation of fat in and around the body.
What Causes Obesity?
Obesity is not a disease; it is an avoidable condition that has manifested itself over a period of time. The basic cause of obesity, or excess body fat, is eating more energy (food) than you use up by movement (exercise). You could view it as a simple equation of energy in – energy out.
The type of food that we eat is a BIG factor in the rise of obesity in western civilizations. Most food coming out of a packet, or manufacturer’s wrapping, contains sugar (energy). It is not uncommon to find it disguised as ‘not sugar’ such as sucrose, glucose, syrup, and others. No matter what they call it, the body breaks them down through the digestive system into sugars.
Giving advice about nutrition is only one of the ways we address the situation. But, put simply, the overall consumption of food should match the energy needs of the body.
The other side to the two part equation is our need for energy. The body needs energy to carry out normal functions. We need it for breathing, blood circulation, and for digestion.
We need lots of energy for exercising, walking, and anything else that requires physical movement. They are all working functions requiring an energy source – sugar!
Eating more energy than the body needs means you will store the excess energy, as fat. What is the reason for this? In simple terms, it is because having some food (energy store) available was part of the survival process.
Humans do not need fat stores for the same reasons in modern times. But, we still add them daily, in the form of snacks and sugar-laden drinks. We also get a lot of help from the food manufacturers.
They capitalize on the fact that the body craves for sugar. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a useful measuring tool that shows the relationship between weight, body fat, and height. But, ultimately it is each individual who must take responsibility for their own weight.